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Publications

Publications
Principal original articles, reviews, chapters and books published by our group
2021

2021

Mechanical Processing of Naturally Bent Organic Crystalline Microoptical Waveguides and Junctions

V. V. Pradeep, C. Tardío, I. Torres-Moya, A. M. Rodríguez, A. V. Kumar, M. Annadhasan, A. de la Hoz, P. Prieto,* R. Chandrasekar*
Small 2021, 17, 2006795

DOI: 10.1002/smll.202006795

Precise mechanical processing of optical microcrystals involves complex microscale operations viz. moving, bending, lifting, and cutting of crystals. Some of these mechanical operations can be implemented by applying mechanical force at specific points of the crystal to fabricate advanced crystalline optical junctions. Mechanically compliant flexible optical crystals are ideal candidates for the designing of such microoptical junctions. A vapor‐phase growth of naturally bent optical waveguiding crystals of 1,4‐bis(2‐cyanophenylethynyl)benzene (1) on a surface forming different optical junctions is presented. In the solid‐state, molecule 1 interacts with its neighbors via CH⋅⋅⋅N hydrogen bonding and π–π stacking. The microcrystals deposited at a glass surface exhibit moderate flexibility due to substantial surface adherence energy. The obtained network crystals also display mechanical compliance when cut precisely with sharp atomic force microscope cantilever tip, making them ideal candidates for building innovative T‐ and Δ‐shaped optical junctions with multiple outputs. The presented micromechanical processing technique can also be effectively used as a tool to fabricate single‐crystal integrated photonic devices and circuits on suitable substrates.